Indapamide (Oral route)

Pronunciation:

in-DAP-a-mide

Brand Names:

  • Lozol

Dosage Forms:

  • Tablet

Classifications:

Therapeutic—

Cardiovascular Agent

Pharmacologic—

Diuretic

Chemical—

Thiazide Related

Uses of This Medicine:

Indapamide is used alone or together with other medicines to treat high blood pressure (hypertension). High blood pressure adds to the workload of the heart and arteries. If it continues for a long time, the heart and arteries may not function properly. This can damage the blood vessels of the brain, heart, and kidneys, resulting in a stroke, heart failure, or kidney failure. High blood pressure may also increase the risk of heart attacks. These problems may be less likely to occur if blood pressure is controlled.

Indapamide is also used to treat salt and fluid retention (edema) caused by congestive heart failure.

Indapamide is a thiazide-like diuretic (water pill). It reduces the amount of water in the body by increasing the flow of urine, which helps lower the blood pressure.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies—

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children—

Appropriate studies have not been performed on the relationship of age to the effects of indapamide in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Older adults—

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of indapamide in the elderly. However, elderly patients are more likely to have age-related liver, kidney, or heart problems, which may require an adjustment in the dose for patients receiving indapamide.

Breast-feeding—

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Other medicines—

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Aceclofenac
  • Acemetacin
  • Acetyldigoxin
  • Amtolmetin Guacil
  • Arsenic Trioxide
  • Aspirin
  • Bromfenac
  • Bufexamac
  • Celecoxib
  • Choline Salicylate
  • Clonixin
  • Deslanoside
  • Desmopressin
  • Dexibuprofen
  • Dexketoprofen
  • Diclofenac
  • Diflunisal
  • Digitalis
  • Digitoxin
  • Digoxin
  • Dipyrone
  • Dofetilide
  • Droperidol
  • Droxicam
  • Etodolac
  • Etofenamate
  • Etoricoxib
  • Felbinac
  • Fenoprofen
  • Fepradinol
  • Feprazone
  • Floctafenine
  • Flufenamic Acid
  • Flurbiprofen
  • Ibuprofen
  • Indomethacin
  • Ketanserin
  • Ketoprofen
  • Ketorolac
  • Levomethadyl
  • Lithium
  • Lornoxicam
  • Loxoprofen
  • Lumiracoxib
  • Meclofenamate
  • Mefenamic Acid
  • Meloxicam
  • Metildigoxin
  • Morniflumate
  • Nabumetone
  • Naproxen
  • Nepafenac
  • Niflumic Acid
  • Nimesulide
  • Nimesulide Beta Cyclodextrin
  • Oxaprozin
  • Oxyphenbutazone
  • Parecoxib
  • Phenylbutazone
  • Piketoprofen
  • Piroxicam
  • Proglumetacin
  • Propyphenazone
  • Proquazone
  • Rofecoxib
  • Salicylic Acid
  • Salsalate
  • Sodium Salicylate
  • Sotalol
  • Sulindac
  • Tenoxicam
  • Tiaprofenic Acid
  • Tolfenamic Acid
  • Tolmetin
  • Valdecoxib

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines may cause an increased risk of certain side effects, but using both drugs may be the best treatment for you. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Aminolevulinic Acid
  • Gossypol
  • Licorice

Other interactions—

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems—

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Anuria (not able to form urine) or
  • Sulfa drug allergy—Should not be used in patients with these conditions.
  • Diabetes or
  • Electrolyte imbalance (eg, high calcium or low magnesium, potassium, sodium in the body) or
  • Glaucoma, angle-closure or
  • Gout or
  • Heart rhythm problems or
  • Hyperglycemia (high blood sugar) or
  • Hyperuricemia (high uric acid in the blood) or
  • Liver disease or
  • Myopia (nearsightedness) or
  • Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Kidney disease—Use with caution. The effects may be increased because of slower removal of the medicine from the body.
  • Sympathectomy (a surgical procedure where certain nerves are removed)—Use with caution. The effects of this medicine may be increased.

Proper Use of This Medicine:

In addition to the use of this medicine, treatment for your high blood pressure may include weight control and changes in the types of foods you eat, especially foods high in sodium (salt) or potassium. Your doctor will tell you which of these are most important for you. You should check with your doctor before changing your diet.

Many patients who have high blood pressure will not notice any signs of the problem. It is very important that you take your medicine exactly as directed and that you keep your appointments with your doctor even if you feel well.

Remember that this medicine will not cure your high blood pressure, but it does help control it. You must continue to receive it as directed if you expect to lower your blood pressure and keep it down. You may have to take high blood pressure medicine for the rest of your life. If high blood pressure is not treated, it can cause serious problems such as heart failure, blood vessel disease, stroke, or kidney disease.

Dosing—

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For oral dosage form (tablets):
    • For fluid retention (edema):
      • Adults—At first, 2.5 milligrams (mg) once a day, taken in the morning. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 5 mg.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.
    • For high blood pressure:
      • Adults—At first, 1.25 milligrams (mg) once a day, taken in the morning. Your doctor may adjust your dose as needed. However, the dose is usually not more than 5 mg.
      • Children—Use and dose must be determined by your doctor.

Missed dose—

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Storage—

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure this medicine is working properly. Blood and urine tests may be needed to check for unwanted effects.

Check with your doctor right away if you have confusion, decreased urine, dizziness, drowsiness, dry mouth, increased thirst, fast or irregular heartbeat or pulse, headache, muscle pains or cramps, nausea or vomiting, seizures, swelling of the face, ankles, or hands, trouble breathing, or unusual tiredness or weakness. These may be symptoms of an electrolyte imbalance (eg, low sodium or potassium in the blood).

This medicine may cause changes in your blood sugar levels. Check with your doctor if you have these problems or if you notice a change in the results of your blood or urine sugar tests.

Check with your doctor right away if you have blurred vision, difficulty in reading, eye pain, or any other change in vision during or after treatment. This could be a sign of a serious eye problem. Your doctor will want you to have your eyes checked by an ophthalmologist (eye doctor).

Make sure any doctor or dentist who treats you knows that you are using this medicine. You may need to stop using this medicine several days before having surgery or medical tests.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This especially includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter) medicines for appetite control, asthma, colds, cough, hay fever, or sinus problems, since they may increase your blood pressure.

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
Agitation
anxiety
black, tarry stools
chest pain
cough or hoarseness
dark urine
dizziness
fever or chills
headache
irritability
light-colored stools
lower back or side pain
muscle cramps or spasms
painful or difficult urination
sneezing
sore throat
sores, ulcers, or white spots in the mouth or on the lips
stuffy or runny nose
swollen glands
unusual bleeding or bruising
unusual tiredness or weakness
yellow eyes and skin
Less common
Blurred vision
body aches or pain
burning, dry, or itching eyes
change in consciousness
cold sweats
confusion
decreased urine output
discharge, excessive tearing
discouragement
dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position
drowsiness
dry mouth
dryness or soreness of the throat
excessive muscle tone
fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
feeling sad or empty
flushed, dry skin
frequent urination
fruit-like breath odor
increased hunger, thirst, and urination
increased urge to urinate during the night
increased volume of pale, dilute urine
joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
lack of appetite
loss of interest or pleasure
lower back, side, or stomach pain
mood changes
muscle pain, cramps, tension, stiffness, or tightness
nervousness
pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones
redness, pain, swelling of the eye, eyelid, or inner lining of eyelid
sugar in the urine
sweating
swelling of the face, feet, lower legs, ankles, or hands
tender, swollen glands in the neck
tightness in the chest
trouble breathing
trouble concentrating
trouble in swallowing
trouble sleeping
voice changes
waking to urinate at night
Incidence not known
Change in near or distance vision
difficulty in focusing the eyes
eye pain

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

More common
Back pain
blistering, peeling, loosening of the skin
diarrhea
increased sensitivity of skin to sunlight
red irritated eyes
red skin lesions, often with a purple center
redness or other discoloration of the skin
severe sunburn
Less common
Acid or sour stomach
belching
bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
constipation
decreased interest in sexual intercourse
heartburn
hives or rash
inability to have or keep an erection
indigestion
lack or loss of strength
loss in sexual ability, desire, drive, or performance
nausea
rapid weight gain
stomach discomfort or upset
tingling of the hands or feet
unusual weight gain or loss

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 6/10/2021
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