Indacaterol (Inhalation route)

Pronunciation:

in-da-KAT-er-ol

Brand Names:

  • Arcapta Neohaler

Dosage Forms:

  • Capsule

Classifications:

Therapeutic—

Bronchodilator

Pharmacologic—

Beta-2 Adrenergic Agonist

Uses of This Medicine:

Indacaterol is used for the long-term maintenance treatment of air flow blockage in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), including chronic bronchitis and emphysema. COPD is a long-term lung disease that causes bronchospasm (wheezing or difficulty with breathing).

Indacaterol is a long-acting bronchodilator. Bronchodilators are medicines that are breathed in through the mouth to open up the bronchial tubes (air passages) in the lungs. They relieve cough, wheezing, shortness of breath, and troubled breathing by increasing the flow of air through the bronchial tubes.

This medicine is available only with your doctor's prescription.

Before Using This Medicine:

In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:

Allergies—

Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.

Children—

Indacaterol is not indicated for use in the pediatric population. Safety and efficacy have not been established.

Older adults—

Appropriate studies performed to date have not demonstrated geriatric-specific problems that would limit the usefulness of indacaterol in the elderly.

Breast-feeding—

There are no adequate studies in women for determining infant risk when using this medication during breastfeeding. Weigh the potential benefits against the potential risks before taking this medication while breastfeeding.

Other medicines—

Although certain medicines should not be used together at all, in other cases two different medicines may be used together even if an interaction might occur. In these cases, your doctor may want to change the dose, or other precautions may be necessary. When you are taking this medicine, it is especially important that your healthcare professional know if you are taking any of the medicines listed below. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.

Using this medicine with any of the following medicines is usually not recommended, but may be required in some cases. If both medicines are prescribed together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use one or both of the medicines.

  • Acebutolol
  • Arotinolol
  • Atenolol
  • Befunolol
  • Betaxolol
  • Bevantolol
  • Bisoprolol
  • Bopindolol
  • Bucindolol
  • Bupranolol
  • Carteolol
  • Carvedilol
  • Celiprolol
  • Dilevalol
  • Esmolol
  • Labetalol
  • Landiolol
  • Levobunolol
  • Mepindolol
  • Methacholine
  • Metipranolol
  • Metoprolol
  • Nadolol
  • Nebivolol
  • Oxprenolol
  • Penbutolol
  • Pindolol
  • Practolol
  • Propranolol
  • Sotalol
  • Talinolol
  • Tertatolol
  • Timolol

Other interactions—

Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. Discuss with your healthcare professional the use of your medicine with food, alcohol, or tobacco.

Other medical problems—

The presence of other medical problems may affect the use of this medicine. Make sure you tell your doctor if you have any other medical problems, especially:

  • Allergy to milk proteins—Use with caution. This medicine contains lactose (milk sugar) and milk proteins.
  • COPD attack, severe—Should not be used if you are having a severe COPD attack or if symptoms of a COPD attack has already started. Your doctor may prescribe another medicine for you to use in case of an acute COPD attack.
  • Diabetes or
  • Heart or blood vessel disease or
  • Heart rhythm problems (eg, QT prolongation) or
  • Hypertension (high blood pressure) or
  • Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) or
  • Hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood) or
  • Ketoacidosis (high ketones in the blood) or
  • Seizures, history of—Use with caution. May make these conditions worse.
  • Liver disease, severe—Use has not been studied in patients with this condition.

Proper Use of This Medicine:

Use this medicine only as directed by your doctor. Do not use more of it and do not use it more often than recommended on the label, unless otherwise directed by your doctor. Using the medicine more often may increase the chance of serious unwanted effects.

In order for this medicine to help prevent COPD attacks, it must be used at the same time each day as ordered by your doctor.

Indacaterol inhalation powder is used with a special inhaler (Neohaler®) and usually comes with a Medication Guide and patient instructions. Read the directions carefully before using this medicine. If you do not understand the directions or you are not sure how to use the inhaler, ask your doctor to show you what to do. Also, ask your doctor to check how you use the inhaler to make sure you are using it properly.

To use indacaterol inhalation powder with the Neohaler®:

  • Dry your hands before handling this medicine.
  • Open a blister card of capsules. Do not remove a capsule until you are ready to use it.
  • Open the base of the inhaler firmly and tilt the mouthpiece to open the inhaler.
  • Place the capsule only in the chamber in the base of the inhaler. Do not swallow the capsule and do not place a capsule directly into the mouthpiece.
  • Hold the mouthpiece of the inhaler upright and press both buttons at the same time. Press the buttons only once. You should hear a click as the capsule is being pierced.
  • Breathe out fully. Do not exhale into the mouthpiece.
  • Place the mouthpiece in your mouth then close your lips around the mouthpiece.
  • Breathe in quickly and deeply. As you breathe in, you should hear the capsule moving inside. If you do not hear a whirring noise, the capsule may be stuck inside. If this occurs, open the inhaler and gently tap the base of the device. Do not press the side buttons to loosen the capsule.
  • Remove the inhaler from your mouth. Hold your breath as long as you can and then exhale.
  • Open the inhaler after using it, and remove and discard the empty capsule. Do not leave the used capsule inside the chamber.
  • Close the mouthpiece and then replace the cover.
  • Do not wash the inhaler. Keep it dry. You may wipe the device with a clean, dry, lint-free cloth or a clean, dry, soft brush.
  • You may reuse your inhaler. But use a new inhaler with each refill of your medicine.
  • Do not use this inhaler with any other medicine.

Dosing—

The dose of this medicine will be different for different patients. Follow your doctor's orders or the directions on the label. The following information includes only the average doses of this medicine. If your dose is different, do not change it unless your doctor tells you to do so.

The amount of medicine that you take depends on the strength of the medicine. Also, the number of doses you take each day, the time allowed between doses, and the length of time you take the medicine depend on the medical problem for which you are using the medicine.

  • For inhalation dosage form (powder):
    • For maintenance treatment of COPD:
      • Adults—75 micrograms (mcg) (1 capsule) by oral inhalation once a day.
      • Children—Use is not recommended.

Missed dose—

If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.

Do not use this medicine more than one time every 24 hours.

Storage—

Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.

Keep out of the reach of children.

Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.

Ask your healthcare professional how you should dispose of any medicine you do not use.

Precautions While Using This Medicine:

It is very important that your doctor check your progress at regular visits to make sure this medicine is working properly. Blood tests may also be needed to check for any unwanted effects.

Tell your doctor if you are also using any other medicine for your COPD. Your doctor may want you to use it only during a severe COPD attack. Follow your doctor's instructions on how you should take your medicine.

This medicine should not be used if you are having a severe COPD attack, or if symptoms of COPD attack has already started. Your doctor may prescribe another medicine for you to use in case of an acute COPD attack. If the other medicine does not work as well, tell your doctor right away.

Talk to your doctor or get medical care right away if:

  • Your symptoms do not improve after using this medicine within a few days or if they become worse.
  • Your short-acting inhaler does not seem to be working as well as usual and you need to use it more often.

This medicine should not be used together with similar inhaled medicines such as arformoterol (Brovana™), budesonide/formoterol (Symbicort®), formoterol (Foradil®, Perforomist™), salmeterol (Serevent®), or salmeterol/fluticasone (Advair®).

This medicine may increase the risk of worsening asthma, which may lead to hospitalization, intubation, and death in patients with asthma who take this medicine without an inhaled steroid medicine. Talk to your doctor if you have concerns about this.

This medicine may cause serious allergic reactions, which can be life-threatening and require immediate medical attention. Tell your doctor right away if you have a rash, itching, hoarseness, trouble breathing, trouble swallowing, or any swelling of your hands, face, or mouth after using this medicine.

This medicine may cause paradoxical bronchospasm, which means your breathing or wheezing will get worse. Paradoxical bronchospasm may be life-threatening. Check with your doctor right away if you are having a cough, difficulty with breathing, shortness of breath, or wheezing after using this medicine.

Indacaterol may cause heart or blood vessel problems, including heart rhythm problems. Check with your doctor right away if you have chest pain or tightness, decreased urine output, dilated neck veins, extreme fatigue, irregular heartbeat, swelling of the face, fingers, feet, or lower legs, troubled breathing, or weight gain.

Hypokalemia (low potassium in the blood) may occur while you are using this medicine. Check with your doctor right away if you have more than one of the following symptoms: decreased urine, dry mouth, increased thirst, loss of appetite, mood changes, muscle pain or cramps, nausea or vomiting, numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or lips, seizures, uneven heartbeat, or unusual tiredness or weakness.

This medicine may affect blood sugar levels. If you are diabetic and notice a change in the results of your blood or urine sugar tests, check with your doctor.

Do not take other medicines unless they have been discussed with your doctor. This includes prescription or nonprescription (over-the-counter [OTC]) medicines and herbal or vitamin supplements.

Side Effects of This Medicine:

Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention.

Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur:

More common
Arm, back, or jaw pain
chest pain or discomfort
chest tightness or heaviness
chills
cough
dizziness
fainting
fast or irregular heartbeat
fever
nausea
sneezing
sore throat
sweating
tightness in the chest
troubled breathing
Less common
Bloating or swelling of the face, arms, hands, lower legs, or feet
blurred vision
body aches or pain
dry mouth
ear congestion
fainting
flushed, dry skin
fruit-like breath odor
headache
increased hunger
increased thirst
increased urination
loss of consciousness
loss of voice
rapid weight gain
runny or stuffy nose
stomachache
sweating
tingling of the hands or feet
unexplained weight loss
unusual tiredness or weakness
unusual weight gain or loss
vomiting
Incidence not known
Fast, irregular, pounding, or racing heartbeat or pulse
hives, itching, skin rash
irritation
hoarseness
joint pain, stiffness, or swelling
redness of the skin
troubled swallowing

Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them:

Less common
Muscle or bone pain
muscle spasm
pain or tenderness around the eyes and cheekbones

Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional.

Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.


Last Updated: 6/10/2021
The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Call 911 for all medical emergencies. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites.

All rights reserved

A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Firefox and Google Chrome browser.